What are Exosomes?

Photo by @NataliaSolo on Twenty20

Exosomes are said to be the next big thing in cell therapy. They are not cells, yet they play a key role in the communication and repair of all cells in the body. Several studies have shown that communication between cells is essential to maintain healthy cell tissue.

Various factors such as chronic diseases, age, genetic disorders, and environmental aspects interfere with the communication process of our stem cells with other cells, thus obstructing the healing process. A key piece in the regulation of these communication processes is called exosomes.

Exosomes in detail

In most cases, exosomes are defined as small bubbles or extracellular vesicles that are generally released from stem cells. They act as transport of genetic data and proteins to other cells.

Exosomes allow communication between cells, carrying molecules that regulate and control the exchange of data between distant and nearby cells. They carry information from one place to another with different purposes and functions, instructing cells when and how to react.

Exosome Therapy Explained

Scientific research has provided valuable input on the practical functionality of exosomes for the human body. By joining the old cells of an older organism to the young cells of a younger organism, it can be seen that the exosomes present in the young stem cells will be responsible for revitalizing the old cells. This healing strategy is now being used in regenerative medicine.

Degenerative diseases come from a constant deterioration of the cells that affect the organs. Stem cells, for their part, are responsible for cell rejuvenation and external factors can hinder their activities. Stem cells may not have the ability to provide all the necessary information so supporting stem cells with external exosomes can have a tremendous positive impact by releasing new data to support the healing process.

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